The Healthy Knee
The knee joint is a complex, load bearing hinge that relies on surrounding muscles, ligaments, and connective tissues for proper function. Here is a brief overview of the properties of a healthy knee.
- The human knee is composed of the end of the thigh bone (femur), the top of the shin bone (tibia), and the kneecap (patella).
- These bones are held together by tendons and ligaments, and are separated by a shock-absorbing layer of smooth articular cartilage.
- The cartilage makes up both the lateral and medial meniscuses, which allow the bones to glide and roll over each other with little resistance.